People often saythat a dog is man's best friend. Over thousands of years, man has taught hisdogs to do many kinds of work besides guarding the home. For example, sheepdogsare famous for their ability to control a flock of hundreds of sheep.
Dogs have beenused to aid disabled people for centuries. A guide dog can lead its blindowner. Nowadays, dogs can be taught to turn on light switches, openrefrigerator doors and dial the telephone for their disabled owners. For themajority of people, however, dogs are simply pets and friends for both youngand old members of the family.
guard 看守,看护 sheepdog 牧羊犬 flock 群 aid 帮助
disabled 残疾人 century 世纪 guide dog 导盲犬 dial 拨 majority 大多数
2 Detective Work
A bank robberstole a lot of money. He was caught and sent to prison, but the money was neverfound. When he came out of prison, they watched him to see what he would do.Here is the detective, reporting to the inspector. "Yes, sir, I foundJohnny . I followed him all around the town, but frankly, I couldn't makeanything out of what he bought. Here's the list."
shirt , heavy crowbar, box of chocolates , shovel, heavy hammer,bunch of flowers .The inspector said, "Good. That helps me a lot. Do youremember how we watched him helping his neighbour, old Mrs. Judson to cover herbackyard with cement?
detective 侦探的侦探 robber 强盗,盗贼 prison 监狱
inspector 检察官 frankly 坦白地,真诚地 crowbar 铁撬,撬棒
shovel 铲,铁铲 hammer 铁锤,锤子 backyard 后院 cement 水泥
3 What is Time? （Nursery Rhyme）
Time is grain forpeasants.
Time is wealth forworkers.
Time is life fordoctors.
Time is victoryfor soldiers.
Time is knowledgefor students.
Time is speed forscientists.
Time is money forbusinessmen.
Time is everythingfor all of us.
Therefore, seizethe time of today!
grain 粮食 wealth 财富 victory 胜利 seize 抓住,把握
4 Perfect Match
A rich woman is soproud of a valuable antique vase that she decides to have her bedroom paintedthe same colour as the vase. Several painters try to mix the colour right, butnone comes close enough to satisfy the woman.
Eventually, apainter comes. He is confident that he can mix the proper colour. The woman ispleased with the result, and the painter becomes famous. Years later, heretires and turns the business over to his son. "Dad,"asks the son,"there's something I've got to know. How did you get those walls to matchthe vase so perfectly?"
"Son,” thefather replies, "I painted the vase."
proud of 自豪 valuable 值钱的 antique vase 古董花瓶 paint 用油漆漆
satisfy 满意 eventually 最终 confident 有信心的 retire 退休
5 A Barbecue
When I was achild, I once went camping with my family in the summer. We decided to make abarbecue in the valley. So we collected some tree sticks to make a fire. Myfather asked me if I could try to make a fire. I was glad to take the job. ThenI tried to set fire to the wood with a match, but produced only smoke. Then myfather said, "That's not the right way. I'll show you how to do it. Firstuse the small pieces of wood because they catch fire easily. Then put thelarger ones on top of them."My father helped me make a big fire.
barbecue 烧烤 valley 山谷 stick 枝条 make a fire 生火
6 A Joke— “I standcorrected”
I have this friendwho always seemed to lean slightly to the left all the time. It used to botherme, so I suggested he see a doctor, and have his legs checked out. For years,he refused and told me I was crazy, but last week, he finally went. Sureenough, the doctor discovered his left leg was a quarter inch shorter than hisright. A quick bit of surgery later, he was cured, and both legs are exactlythe same length now, and he no longer leans. “So,”I said, "You didn'tbelieve me when I told you a doctor could fix your leg. He just looked at meand said, "I stand corrected.
lean 倾斜 slightly 轻微地 check out 检查 refuse 拒绝 quarter 四分之一
surgery 手术 cure 治愈 fix 治愈 standcorrected 认错
7 Making a Kite
One day, Paula andRichard decided to make a kite. First they went out and found two straightsticks of the same length. They brought them back home and tied them with apiece of string into the shape of a cross. Then they took some string and usedit to tie the four ends of the sticks together. Then, they spread some brightlycoloured paper over the frame and glued it around the string. They stuck a tailmade of paper to one of the corners, and tied a long string to the centre ofthe kite. On the next windy day, they took the kite to a hill near their houseand flew it.
straight stick 直木棍 tie 系 string 绳子 shape 形状 cross 十字
spread 传开 frame 框架 stick 粘 tail 尾巴 windy 有风的
8 Animals inDanger
Some of theanimals and birds in the rainforest, such as monkeys and
woodpeckers, livein the treetops. They are always swingin